“Gender-based violence” and “violence against women” are terms that have often been used interchangeably. However, it is important to retain the “gender-based” aspect of the concept as this, on the one hand, highlights the fact that violence against women is an expression of power inequalities between women and men, and on the other hand that gender-based violence is a broader term. 

Gender-based violence involves the use and abuse of power and control over another person and is perpetrated against someone based on their gender identity, gender expression or perceived gender. 

Violence against women and girls is one form of gender-based violence. It also has a disproportionate impact on LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex) and gender-non conforming people.

Gender-based violence includes any act of violence or abuse that can result in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering. 

Examples of forms of violence and abuse include:

  • physical violence;
  • sexual violence (including child sexual abuse, sexual harassment and sexual exploitation);
  • emotional and psychological violence (including threats and intimidation);
  • harassment;
  • online/ technology-facilitated violence;
  • financial abuse; and
  • structural / systemic violence.

The project LOOK WIDE! focuses on developing a working method to support LGTBI victims of gender-based violence by integrating gender and sexual diversity into the work of professionals and services working with victims of gender-based violence.